Scars - what they are and best treatments
Definition of Keloid Scar
Keloids are an overgrowth of tissue
that scars at the healed part of the skin injury. Sometimes, keloids
scar are also called Hypertrophic scar. the absolute best way to
handle a keloid scar is with a microderm abrasion cream and a
healing blend of three specific oils.
You can read more about it on the
Thick, puckered, itchy clustering
scars and tissues beyond the edges of the wound or incisions can
easily be described as Keloid scars. These are caused by the
continuous production of a substance called Collagen even after the
wound has been healed. Keloid scars may appear on any part of an
injury but mostly occurs in the breastbone area, on the earlobes,
and on shoulders. A dark-skinned person is more likely to suffer
from keloid scarring compared to people with fair complexion. But
with aging, it lessens its tendency to develop.
Within several years, most keloids
eventually flatten and become less noticeable. Keloids may also
develop irritation from rubbing on clothing or any other form of
friction. Extensive scarring may even become a burden in the case of
the mobility of a person. It may cause changes of the skin and
affect its appearance.
Exposure to the sun may also effect
the keloids pigmentation. It may turn darker than its surrounding
skin. Moreover, this dark colorization may become permanent.
Causes of Keloid scar
Keloid scar usually occurs in the form
of skin injuries such as wounds, surgical incisions, vaccinations,
burns, chickenpox, acne and even the slightest of minor scratches.
Commonly, keloids occur in young women, and
African Americans. These
types of skin issues may also run in families. A term Keloidosis is
used when there are multiple, or repeated occurrence of keloids.
There are 3 noted treatments for
keloid removal. Often, they are treated when health care
professionals inject steroid to reduce characteristics such as
redness of the skin, itching, and burning. Shrinking of the scar is
hoped for in some cases. This is the non-surgical treatment.
However, the surgical removal of a
keloid is used if there is no chance for a steroid treatment. The
tissue of the scar will be cut out and the wound stitched with a
single or multiple layers of stitches to close the wound. This is
usually done as an outpatient procedure and can be performed under
local anesthetics. You will be back to work within a day or two and
the stitches are removed after a few days.
The last approach in removing a rasied
scar is by using both or a mixture of surgical and steroid
injections. First, a surgery or removal of the tissue is done with a
couple of steroid injections and another set of steroid injections
after three to four weeks. Radiation is also used to interfere with
the collagen production. This approach is more effective. But,
radiotherapy and steroid both have side effects, so you need to
discuss this with your doctor. It is also effective to get a second
opinion before proceeding with this treatment.
Whatever approach you take,
have a stubborn habit of recurring, and to make it worse, become
larger than before. The most used and offered removal is by steroid
injection, direct application of steroids during surgery, or by
radiation therapy. Sometimes, you may be asked to wear a pressure
garment within the area as long as a year. Even with these
precautions, this type of scar may reappear, requiring a repetition
of procedures after every few years.
Keloid alternative treatment
There are creams available in the
market for skin care. These products can help to heal, and nullify
spreading and itching of a keloid without steroids or injections and
bypasses the risks of surgery.